The development of veterinary medicine is lagging behind in Nepal. Besides the Government, Practitioners Themselves Are at Fault

Veterinary medicine is the field for diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases and injuries related to birds and animals. It also includes surgery, radiology and oncology (cancer treatment). As an agricultural country, veterinary medicine is a popular course for graduate study among Nepalese students.

After the secondary education examinations (SEE), a student can directly follow the veterinary medicine courses offered by the CTEVT such as an 18-month pre-diploma and a three-month diploma. By completing these courses, students associate technicians and technicians respectively. Collectively, they are also known as veterinary nurses in most countries. Then there is a five-year diploma program, after which graduates become veterinary doctors.

Despite the availability of such courses, the field is not well developed in Nepal. First, the scope of their work is unclear. The government has not finalized what these technical practitioners can and cannot do. But, it is not only the government that is at fault; even practitioners are to blame.

government negligence

As the government has not delineated the range of vet graduates, those who have completed their five-year degree and become vets believe the country has made a joke of their time and effort to become vets .

According to international standards, unless he is a doctor who has completed his five years of study, he is not allowed to perform surgery or surgery using anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapy), to manipulate devices with ultrasounds, to prescribe medication, x-rays and autopsies, except for poultry. However, without any hesitation, all these procedures are performed by associate technicians and technicians in Nepal.

Representative picture

The very negligence of the Nepalese government has created a dilemma in the veterinary field. Hence, even junior technicians prepare to perform complicated surgeries in Nepal.

In some places, the wound is sewn with normal needles and thread used for sewing clothes. To perform a surgical procedure, one must have a thorough knowledge of methods of controlling bleeding, anatomical structures, types of fractures, types of sutures, physiology, wound healing techniques, and suturing techniques. However, performing surgery without any basic knowledge is tantamount to gambling with the animal’s life. It develops a negative image of veterinary medicine in society.

In addition, technicians affiliated with various animal welfare associations also find themselves using an anti-cancer drug (chemotherapy) called vincristine without any protection in dogs suffering from uterine cancer.

They don’t take dogs to clinics for surgery and just perform it on busy city roads which is dangerous. Performing surgery without any safety measures is dangerous because the drug used in this operation is radioactive.

Radiation from this drug is found in dog urine and feces for three days and if anyone comes in contact with dog feces and urine, they are prone to infertility, anemia and to various other diseases.

Ideally, the roles and responsibilities of associate technicians and technicians are to extend the skills and knowledge of veterinary medicine to the farming communities in order to contribute to community development as well as the development of entrepreneurship.

veterinary medicine in nepal
Photo: Pixabay

The good roles

In addition, they are responsible for providing suggestions on animal nutrition and fodder production to livestock keepers, diagnosing/treating/managing livestock and poultry diseases/disorders as well as providing disease treatment/management services. to herding communities to manage surgical cases as well as simple gynecological cases and obstetrics cases.

Work such as surgery, use of anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapy), manipulation of ultrasound devices, prescription of drugs, x-rays and autopsies, except for poultry, are not permitted. Relevant government authorities dealing with veterinary medicine in Nepal should pay attention to these issues.

In India, a country neighboring Nepal, the technician’s field of work has been divided. The technician has the right to work on health examination, reproduction, castration, primary medicine treatment, vaccination, infertility prevention, etc. They are prohibited from performing surgery and using anti-cancer drugs. They also have a regulatory body for para-vet professionals. Maybe Nepal can learn from India.

Non-regulation of veterinary technicians by the government

But not only the government, but also the veterinary technicians and other stakeholders also deserve the blame for this. There is no professional veterinary medicine council in Nepal and there is no regulatory body to regulate the work of veterinary technicians (para-vets).

From time to time, voices are raised in small numbers for there to be an executive council for para-vets, but this has not been put in place.

There is a licensing exam for vet doctors but not for vet techs, but they work the same way as vet doctors and perform all surgeries and other medical procedures, which are illegal activities.

In addition, there are dirty jokes and discrimination against the profession of veterinary medicine. Legislation should be passed to address these issues.

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